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Latreille, 1810

The Tineidae are a family of moths in the order Lepidoptera of the superfamily Tineoidea. The family contains more than 3000 species in more than 300 genera.
Most tineid moths are small to medium in size with a wingspan ranging from 0.7 to 3.6 cm, * with wings reminiscent of a rounded spearhead and held roof over the body when at rest. They are particularly common in the Paleartic Ecozone even if obviously they are widespread in other areas.

The larvae of the Tineidae are unusual among the lepidoptera in that only a small number of species among them feed on living plants, most of them feed on fungi, lichens, debris, plant and animal materials, including processed ones. The best known members of the family are clothes moths, which have adapted to feed on textiles. The most common of the latter are the fur moth (Tinea pellionella), horsehair moth (Tineola bisselliella) and carpet moth (Trichophaga tapetzella).

Very particular is the genus Ceratophaga , whose members feed exclusively on keratin in the form of horns and hooves of dead mammals and also of dead turtle shells. **

* Butterflies and Moths of North America -
** Identification, Images, & Information for Insects, Spiders & Their Kin for the United States & Canada -